- Chapter 15.1: Why is it useful to know exactly how many moles or grams of contami...
- Chapter 15.2: Lead is one of the few substances with a zero tolerance level in ou...
- Chapter 15.3: Consider a 10 mL water sample from a nearby creek that has a 0.002 ...
- Chapter 15.4: uppose you measure 100 mL each of 1.0 M NaOH, 1.0 M KCl, and 0.5 M ...
- Chapter 15.5: a. Suppose you need to make a 0.5 M solution of sodium hydroxide, N...
- Chapter 15.6: A mass of 47 g of sulfuric acid, H2SO4, is dissolved in water to pr...
- Chapter 15.7: Determine the molarity of the solutions created by following each s...
- Chapter 15.8: How many grams of magnesium sulfate, MgSO4, do you need to make 100...
Solutions for Chapter Chapter 15: Toxins in Solution
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)
A format for naming amines containing simple alkyl groups.
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)
A class of colored compounds that are formed via azo coupling.
Delocalized electrons move freely through “bands” formed by overlapping molecular orbitals. (21.3)
beta (b) rays.
The heating of an ore to bring about its decomposition and the elimination of a volatile product. For example, a carbonate ore might be calcined to drive off CO2. (Section 23.2)
A polymer that is constructed from more than one repeating unit.
An ArN2 1 or RN2 1 ion
The use of electrolysis to reduce or refine metals. (Section 20.9)
Protons that are not interchangeable by rotational symmetry but are interchangeable by reflectional symmetry.
The flow of energy from a body at higher temperature to one at lower temperature when they are placed in thermal contact. (Section 5.1)
A nonpolar group that does not have favorable interactions with water.
Solids that are composed of ions. (Section 12.1)
molal boiling-point-elevation constant (Kb)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the increase in boiling point as a function of solution molality: ?Tb = Kbm. (Section 13.5)
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
Nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile bonded to the carbon of an acyl group is replaced by another nucleophile.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)