- Lesson 85.1: According to the Arrhenius theory, what is an acid and what is a base?
- Lesson 85.2: How is the Brnsted-Lowry theory of acids similar to the Arrhenius t...
- Lesson 85.3: What is the diff erence between a strong acid and a weak acid? Draw...
- Lesson 85.4: Label the substances listed below as acids or bases. In each case, ...
- Lesson 85.5: Consider a solution of hydrobromic acid, HBr. a. If you draw a part...
- Lesson 85.6: Consider a solution of magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH)2. a. If you draw...
- Lesson 85.7: Explain why aqueous washing soda, Na2CO3, is a basic solution.
- Lesson 85.8: A solution of 0.10 M hydrochloric acid, HCl, is a better conductor ...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 85: Acid and Base Theories
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
A format for naming amines containing simple alkyl groups.
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
A unit of pressure equal to 105 Pa. (Section 10.2)
beta (b) rays.
An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)
The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)
A bond formed between two or more atoms by a sharing of electrons. (Section 8.1)
A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
enthalpy of reaction
The enthalpy change associated with a chemical reaction. (Section 5.4)
A simple method for drawing the relative energy levels of the MOs for a ring assembled from continuously overlapping p orbitals.
A carbohydrate in which the !OH on its anomeric carbon is replaced by !OR
heat of sublimation
The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a solid. (Section 11.4)
homolitic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.
lambda max (lmax)
In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.
The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.
Pi (p) bond
A covalent bond formed by the overlap of parallel 2p orbitals.
Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.
standard atmospheric pressure
Defined as 760 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2)
The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.
A rule stating that the major product of a b-elimination reaction is the most stable alkene; that is, it is the alkene with the greatest number of substituents on the carboncarbon double bond