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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 102: Calorimetry Calculations

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 102: Calorimetry Calculations

Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 8 problems in chapter Lesson 102: Calorimetry Calculations have been answered, more than 26730 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Lesson 102: Calorimetry Calculations includes 8 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid-dissociation constant (Ka)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)

  • Aldehyde

    A compound containing a !CHO group

  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • Cation

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.

  • conrotatory

    In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.

  • delocalized

    A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.

  • deshielded

    In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.

  • dynamic equilibrium

    A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)

  • Fischer esterifi cation

    The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl

  • Fishhook arrow

    A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.

  • Heterocyclic aromatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is one of the atoms of an aromatic ring.

  • hypothesis

    A tentative explanation of a series of observations or of a natural law. (Section 1.3)

  • interhalogens

    Compounds formed between two different halogen elements. Examples include IBr and BrF3. (Section 22.4)

  • micelle

    A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.

  • Michael reaction

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a conjugated p system, resulting in a 1,4-addition.

  • nonbonding pair

    In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons assigned completely to one atom; also called a lone pair. (Section 9.2)

  • plane of symmetry

    A plane that bisects a compound into two halves that are mirror images of each other.

  • Prochiral hydrogens

    Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol

  • solvolysis

    A substitution reaction in which the solvent functions as the nucleophile.

  • sp Hybrid orbitaL

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.

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