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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 19: Measuring Energy

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 19: Measuring Energy

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Chapter Chapter 19: Measuring Energy includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. Since 4 problems in chapter Chapter 19: Measuring Energy have been answered, more than 10812 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • adsorption

    The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)

  • atomic mass unit (amu)

    A unit based on the value of exactly 12 amu for the mass of the isotope of carbon that has six protons and six neutrons in the nucleus. (Sections 2.3 and 3.3)

  • Bond dipole moment

    A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms

  • chemical nomenclature

    The rules used in naming substances. (Section 2.8)

  • column chromatography

    A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.

  • conservation of orbital symmetry

    During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.

  • double bond

    A covalent bond involving two electron pairs. (Section 8.3)

  • elastomers

    Polymers that return to their original shape after being stretched.

  • Frost circle

    A graphic method for determining the relative energies of p MOs for planar, fully conjugated, monocyclic compounds.

  • halogens

    Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)

  • Hund’s rule

    When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any

  • hydration

    A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.

  • hydrophobic

    Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • ionic bond

    A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • Kinetic control

    Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.

  • nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.

  • optically pure

    A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.

  • Planck constant (h)

    The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)

  • Primary (1°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens

  • Reductive amination

    A method for preparing substituted amines by treating an aldehyde or ketone with an amine in the presence of a reducing agent

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