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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 19: Measuring Energy

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 19: Measuring Energy

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Chapter Chapter 19: Measuring Energy includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. Since 4 problems in chapter Chapter 19: Measuring Energy have been answered, more than 24732 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • actual yield.

    The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)

  • Avogadro’s hypothesis

    A statement that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. (Section 10.3)

  • buffered solution (buffer)

    A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • charcoal

    A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)

  • Charles’s law

    A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)

  • chemically equivalent

    In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.

  • complex lipid

    A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.

  • crossed-linked polymer

    A polymer in which neighboring chains are linked together, for example, by disulfide bonds.

  • curie

    A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)

  • electron-domain geometry

    The three- dimensional arrangement of the electron domains around an atom according to the VSEPR model. (Section 9.2)

  • hydroboration-oxidation

    A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • mercurinium ion

    The intermediateformed during oxymercuration.

  • nonelectrolyte

    A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)

  • Quaternary structure

    The arrangement of polypeptide monomers into a noncovalently bonded aggregate.

  • rate-determining step

    The sloweststep in a multistep reaction which determines the rate of the reaction.

  • solid

    Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)

  • sulfonation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.

  • Tertiary structure of nucleic acids

    The threedimensional arrangement of all atoms of a nucleic acid, commonly referred to as supercoiling

  • Thermoset plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.

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