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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 109: Heat of Formation

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 109: Heat of Formation

Since 9 problems in chapter Lesson 109: Heat of Formation have been answered, more than 15503 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Chapter Lesson 109: Heat of Formation includes 9 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Hydrogen

    A hydrogen on a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group.

  • acetal

    A functional group characterized by two alkoxy (OR) groups connected to the same carbon atom.Acetals can be used as protecting groups for aldehydes or ketones.

  • aldehydes.

    Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • alternating copolymers

    A copolymer that contains an alternating distribution of repeating units.

  • amidomalonate synthesis

    A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.

  • Brønsted acid.

    A substance capable of donating a proton. (4.3)

  • cellular respiration

    A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.

  • chemical energy.

    Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)

  • Frequency

    The number of full cycles of a wave that pass a given point in a second, and reported in hertz (Hz), which has the units s21

  • Glass transition temperature (TG)

    The temperature at which a polymer undergoes the transition from a hard glass to a rubbery state

  • Glycol

    A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • Mass spectrometry

    An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.

  • oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction

    A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • product

    A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • property

    A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • regioselective

    A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.

  • retention time

    The amount of time required for a compound to exit from a gas chromatograph.

  • Zaitsev’s rule

    A rule stating that the major product of a b-elimination reaction is the most stable alkene; that is, it is the alkene with the greatest number of substituents on the carboncarbon double bond

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