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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 113: Light Energy

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 113: Light Energy

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 8 problems in chapter Lesson 113: Light Energy have been answered, more than 24700 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Lesson 113: Light Energy includes 8 full step-by-step solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Absolute confi guration

    Which of the two possible isomers an enantiomer is (i.e., whether it is the right- or left-handed isomer).

  • atomic number

    The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element. (Section 2.3)

  • bond enthalpy

    The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)

  • cathode

    An electrode at which reduction occurs. (Section 20.3)

  • cathodic protection

    A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)

  • chemical changes

    Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)

  • Codon

    A triplet of nucleotides on mRNA that directs incorporation of a specifi c amino acid into a polypeptide sequence.

  • complete ionic equation

    A chemical equation in which dissolved strong electrolytes (such as dissolved ionic compounds) are written as separate ions. (Section 4.2)

  • concentration

    The quantity of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (Section 4.5)

  • condensation reaction.

    A reaction in which two smaller molecules combine to form a larger molecule. Water is invariably one of the products of such a reaction. (24.4)

  • free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)

    A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)

  • homogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • Hückel criteria for aromaticity

    To be aromatic, a monocyclic compound must have one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, be planar or nearly so, and have (4n 1 2) p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of 2p orbitals

  • lipid

    A nonpolar molecule derived from glycerol and fatty acids that is used by organisms for long-term energy storage. (Section 24.9)

  • Ortho

    Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.

  • polyurethanes

    Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).

  • potential energy

    The energy that an object possesses as a result of its composition or its position with respect to another object. (Section 5.1)

  • standard atomic weight

    The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.

  • Tertiary structure of nucleic acids

    The threedimensional arrangement of all atoms of a nucleic acid, commonly referred to as supercoiling

  • Zwitterion

    An internal salt of an amino acid; the carboxylate is negatively charged, and the ammonium group is positively charged

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