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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 114: Light Waves

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 114: Light Waves

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Chapter Lesson 114: Light Waves includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 6 problems in chapter Lesson 114: Light Waves have been answered, more than 23390 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid rain

    Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)

  • alkaline earth metals

    Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)

  • amorphous

    A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.

  • aqueous solution.

    A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)

  • Autoxidation

    Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.

  • band gap

    The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)

  • bond enthalpy

    The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)

  • bridgeheads

    In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.

  • coordination number.

    In a crystal lattice it is defined as the number of atoms (or ions) surrounding an atom (or ion) (11.4). In coordination compounds it is defined as the number of donor atoms surrounding the central metal atom in a complex. (23.3)

  • Deactivating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.

  • Dehydrohalogenation

    Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination

  • elimination

    A reaction involving the loss of a leaving group and formation of a p bond.

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • Gibbs free energy (G)

    The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.

  • Glycosidic bond

    The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group

  • mass defect

    The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)

  • matter

    Anything that occupies space and has mass; the physical material of the universe. (Section 1.1)

  • peptidases

    A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.

  • progestins

    Female sex hormones.

  • retro-aldol reaction

    The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.

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