- Lesson 114.1: Explain how to determine the wavelength, l, of a wave. What would y...
- Lesson 114.2: Explain how to determine the frequency, f, of a wave. What would yo...
- Lesson 114.3: Draw sketches of two waves to show how green light and blue light d...
- Lesson 114.4: Imagine a wave of light with the frequency of 4.1 3 1014 Hz. a. Wha...
- Lesson 114.5: magine a wave of light with the wavelength of 5.1 3 1027 m. a. What...
- Lesson 114.6: Why might it be useful to describe colors in terms of wavelength ra...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 114: Light Waves
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.
A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)
Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.
The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)
The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)
In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.
In a crystal lattice it is defined as the number of atoms (or ions) surrounding an atom (or ion) (11.4). In coordination compounds it is defined as the number of donor atoms surrounding the central metal atom in a complex. (23.3)
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
A reaction involving the loss of a leaving group and formation of a p bond.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group
The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)
Anything that occupies space and has mass; the physical material of the universe. (Section 1.1)
A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.
Female sex hormones.
The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.