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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 119: Dynamic Equilibrium

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 119: Dynamic Equilibrium

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Since 5 problems in chapter Lesson 119: Dynamic Equilibrium have been answered, more than 15787 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Lesson 119: Dynamic Equilibrium includes 5 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute temperature scale.

    A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)

  • activation energy (Ea).

    The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)

  • addition polymers

    Polymers that are formed via cationic addition, anionic addition, or free-radical addition.

  • Aldose

    A monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group

  • Beer’s law

    The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)

  • Bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • chiral.

    Compounds or ions that are not superimposable with their mirror images. (23.4)

  • Cycloalkane

    A saturated hydrocarbon that contains carbons joined to form a ring

  • Equatorial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring

  • Hydrophobic

    From the Greek, meaning water-fearing.

  • initiation

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which radicals are created.

  • Lewis dot structure

    The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom

  • miscible liquids

    Liquids that mix in all proportions. (Section 13.3)

  • Nitrogen rule

    A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    No more than two electrons may be present in an orbital. If two electrons are present, their spins must be paired

  • Primary (1°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens

  • Ring current

    An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.

  • scientific method

    The general process of advancing scientific knowledge by making experimental observations and by formulating hypotheses, theories, and laws. (Section 1.3)

  • Upfield

    A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the right (smaller chemical shift) on the chart paper.

  • Valence shell

    The outermost occupied electron shell of an atom.

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