- Lesson 119.1: What does it mean when a system is in a state of dynamic equilibrium?
- Lesson 119.2: Why is there a limit as to how much salt you can dissolve?
- Lesson 119.3: Explain these observations in terms of the amounts of starting subs...
- Lesson 119.4: When phosphorus pentachloride, PCl5(g), is placed in a sealed conta...
- Lesson 119.5: Th e graph below shows the reversible separation of a molecule boun...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 119: Dynamic Equilibrium
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which the electron density is concentrated in the internuclear region. The energy of a bonding molecular orbital is lower than the energy of the separate atomic orbitals from which it forms. (Section 9.7)
A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)
The C “O double bond, a characteristic feature of several organic functional groups, such as ketones and aldehydes. (Section 24.4)
Chemical shift (d)
The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
A cumulated diene is one in which two double bonds share an sp-hybridized carbon
Having the same energy.
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
Haloalkene (vinylic halide)
A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.
A way to view furanose and pyranose forms of monosaccharides. The ring is drawn fl at and most commonly viewed through its edge with the anomeric carbon on the right and the oxygen atom of the ring to the rear
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
A catalyst that is in a different phase from that of the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
An SH group.
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)
A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.
A conformational change in which one chair conformation is converted into the other.