- Chapter 23.1: Suppose that you have a 0.10 M HCl solution and a 0.10 M HF solutio...
- Chapter 23.2: Suppose that you are studying an aqueous solution with the ammonium...
- Chapter 23.3: Write the equilibrium-constant equations for these reversible proce...
- Chapter 23.4: For the reaction N2(g) 1 3H2(g) 2NH3(g), complete these exercises: ...
Solutions for Chapter Chapter 23: Chemical Equilibrium
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
(n 1 1) rule
If a hydrogen has n hydrogens nonequivalent to it but equivalent among themselves on the same or adjacent atom(s), its 1 H!NMR signal is split into (n 1 1) peaks
A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable
A polymerization that involves sequential addition reactions, either to unsaturated monomers or to monomers possessing other reactive functional groups.
A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)
The rules used in naming substances. (Section 2.8)
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
A symbol used to show the redistribution of valence electrons in resonance contributing structures or reactions, symbolizing movement of two electrons
A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.
A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.
From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.
A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
A representation of covalent bonding in a molecule that is drawn using Lewis symbols. Shared electron pairs are shown as lines, and unshared electron pairs are shown as pairs of dots. Only the valence-shell electrons are shown. (Section 8.3)
Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)
The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)
Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)
primary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to only one alkyl group.
R (Section 3.3)
From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.
Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.