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Solutions for Chapter 1: Matter and Change

Modern Chemistry | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030735462 | Authors: Rinehart & Winston Holt

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780030735462

Modern Chemistry | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030735462 | Authors: Rinehart & Winston Holt

Solutions for Chapter 1: Matter and Change

Solutions for Chapter 1
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Textbook: Modern Chemistry
Edition: 1
Author: Rinehart & Winston Holt
ISBN: 9780030735462

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Modern Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780030735462. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry, edition: 1. Since 34 problems in chapter 1: Matter and Change have been answered, more than 16422 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 1: Matter and Change includes 34 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • adrenocortical hormones

    Hormones that are secreted by the cortex (the outer layer) of the adrenal glands. Adrenocortical hormones are typically characterized by a carbonyl group or hydroxyl group at C11 of the steroid skeleton.

  • alkaline earth metals.

    The Group 2A elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra). (2.4)

  • amidomalonate synthesis

    A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.

  • bimolecular

    For mechanisms, a step that involves two chemical entities.

  • compound.

    A substance composed of atoms of two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions. (1.4)

  • Constitutional isomers

    Compounds with the same molecular formula but a different connectivity of their atoms

  • coordination number

    The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)

  • coordination sphere

    The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • cumulated diene

    A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • Disproportionation

    A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.

  • elastomers

    Polymers that return to their original shape after being stretched.

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • ignal splitting in NMR

    Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.

  • isoelectric point (pI)

    For an amino acid, the specific pH at which the concentration of the zwitterionic form reaches its maximum value.

  • optically active

    Possessing the ability to rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)

  • Shielding in NMR

    Also called diamagnetic shielding; the term refers to the reduction in magnetic fi eld strength experienced by a nucleus underneath electron density induced to circulate when the molecule is placed in a strong magnetic fi eld.

  • Steric strain

    The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.

  • tertiary

    A term used to indicate that exactly three alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a tertiary carbocation has three alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

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