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Solutions for Chapter 2: Measurements and Calculations

Modern Chemistry | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030735462 | Authors: Rinehart & Winston Holt

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780030735462

Modern Chemistry | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030735462 | Authors: Rinehart & Winston Holt

Solutions for Chapter 2: Measurements and Calculations

Solutions for Chapter 2
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Textbook: Modern Chemistry
Edition: 1
Author: Rinehart & Winston Holt
ISBN: 9780030735462

Since 58 problems in chapter 2: Measurements and Calculations have been answered, more than 16516 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 2: Measurements and Calculations includes 58 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry, edition: 1. Modern Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780030735462.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic oxide (acidic anhydride)

    An oxide that either reacts with a base to form a salt or with water to form an acid. (Section 22.5)

  • beta (b) pleated sheet

    For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when two or more protein chains line up side-by-side.

  • Birch reduction

    A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.

  • blocking group

    A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.

  • Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)

    A !COOH group.

  • Chair conformation

    The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.

  • Charles’ and Gay-Lussac’s law.

    See Charles’ law.

  • disrotatory

    In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).

  • element

    A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)

  • Estrogen

    A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.

  • ionizing radiation

    Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)

  • law of definite proportions

    A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • Optically active

    Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light

  • period

    The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)

  • polysaccharides

    Polymers made up of repeating monosaccharide units linked together by glycoside bonds.

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • Sigma (s) molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical

  • sulfonation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.

  • Transfer RNA (tRNA

    A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes

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