- 23.1: Describe the general chemical formula of carbohydrates.
- 23.2: Name two examples from each of the following classes of carbohydrat...
- 23.3: What different roles do the polysaccharides starch and cellulose pl...
- 23.4: What word is used to describe fatty acids that contain at least one...
- 23.5: Why are some triglycerides liquid, while others are solid?
- 23.6: What reagents are used to make soaps?
- 23.7: Draw the structural formula for glucose.
- 23.8: Using structural formulas, write the equation showing the formation...
- 23.9: Write the equation representing the formation of a soap molecule fr...
- 23.10: Describe the structure of an amino acid. Then, explain how amino ac...
- 23.11: Circle and identify the carboxylic acid groups and the amino groups...
- 23.12: Can two types of enzymes contain the same number and kinds of amino...
- 23.13: What happens when a protein is denatured?
- 23.14: Explain the cause of the genetic disease sickle cell anemia.
- 23.15: Why is the water solubility of fibrous proteins so different from t...
- 23.16: Draw the structures of two dipeptides made up of glycine and valine.
- 23.17: How many different tripeptides can be formed from two molecules of ...
- 23.18: What chemical gains the metabolic energy that is released as glucos...
- 23.19: What does ATP stand for? What is the role of ATP in living things?
- 23.20: Describe the steps that occur in the digestion of fats.
- 23.21: Review the following diagram of catabolism. giyc____ [protmnsamino ...
- 23.22: Draw the structure of ATP. Circle the bond that breaks when ADP forms.
- 23.23: What are the three components of a nucleotide?
- 23.24: How are the two polynucleotide chains of DNA held together?
- 23.25: Describe in general terms the process of DNA replication.
- 23.26: What are the main differences between DNA and RNA?
- 23.27: Describe the similarities and differences between the three kinds o...
- 23.28: What is a ribosome? What is the function of a ribosome in a cell?
- 23.29: The following sequence of bases might be found on the gene that cod...
- 23.30: Name the four main elements that make up compounds found in living ...
- 23.31: In each of the following groups, one of the items does not belong i...
- 23.32: What is the human body's storage form of each of the following? a. ...
- 23.33: Is each of the following statements about proteins and triglyceride...
- 23.34: Circle the hydrophobic part in each of the figures shown below. a. ...
- 23.35: Both celery and potato chips are composed of molecules that are pol...
- 23.36: Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins can provide energy for an organis...
- 23.37: Describe the basic structure of the cell membrane. What is the cell...
- 23.38: Interpreting Concepts A diet that consists primarily of corn can re...
- 23.39: Inferring Relationships Explain how a similar reaction forms three ...
- 23.40: Evaluating Ideas Some diets recommend severely restricting or elimi...
- 23.41: Using Analogies Explain why the model of enzyme action is called th...
- 23.42: Conduct library research about how Olestra decreases fat and calori...
- 23.43: Write a summary discussing what you have learned about the four maj...
- 23.44: Amylase, the enzyme present in the mouth, catalyzes the digestion o...
Solutions for Chapter 23: Biological Chemistry
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry | 1st Edition
An RCO! or ArCO! group.
The Group 1A elements (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr). (2.4)
The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
A compound that can serve as a proton acceptor.
A polymer,that is formed via a condensation reaction.
crossed aldol reaction
An aldol reaction that occurs between different partners.
The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals that arise from double bonds, triple bonds, and X!H bonds.
First ionization potential
The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.
A drawing style that is often used when dealing with compounds bearing multiple chirality centers, especially for carbohydrates. (See also Sect. 5.7.)
A conformation about a single bond of an alkane in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 60°
The lowest-energy, or most stable, state. (Section 6.3)
A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.
A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
Anything that occupies space and has mass; the physical material of the universe. (Section 1.1)
A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)
The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)
probability density 1c22
A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)
A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.