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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 21: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321811394 | Authors: L.g. Wade, Jr.

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780321811394

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321811394 | Authors: L.g. Wade, Jr.

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 21: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 21
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.g. Wade, Jr.
ISBN: 9780321811394

Since 67 problems in chapter Chapter 21: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives have been answered, more than 21048 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. Chapter Chapter 21: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives includes 67 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321811394.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • atmospheric pressure.

    The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)

  • b-Elimination

    A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons

  • conrotatory

    In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.

  • coordination compound.

    A neutral species containing one or more complex ions. (23.3)

  • doping

    Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)

  • Endergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials

  • energy

    The capacity to do work or to transfer heat. (Section 5.1)

  • Epoxide

    A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring

  • Fishhook arrow

    A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.

  • gamma radiation

    Energetic electromagnetic radiation emanating from the nucleus of a radioactive atom. (Section 21.1)

  • Lewis acid

    Any molecule or ion that can form a new covalent bond by accepting a pair of electrons.

  • liquid

    Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)

  • mass number

    The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a particular atom. (Section 2.3)

  • molecular equation

    A chemical equation in which the formula for each substance is written without regard for whether it is an electrolyte or a nonelectrolyte. (Section 4.2)

  • oxaphosphetane

    An intermediate that is believed to be formed during Wittig reactions.

  • ozone

    The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)

  • Pericyclic reaction

    A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons

  • Robinson annulation

    The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.

  • spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2

    A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)

  • sterically hindered

    A compound or region of a compound that is very bulky.

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