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Solutions for Chapter 1.3: Structures of Covalent Compounds

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 1.3: Structures of Covalent Compounds

Chapter 1.3: Structures of Covalent Compounds includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Since 4 problems in chapter 1.3: Structures of Covalent Compounds have been answered, more than 36633 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,4-addition

    A reaction involving the addition of two groups to a conjugated p system in which one group is installed at the C1 position and the other group is installed at the C4 position.

  • acylium ion

    The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.

  • alkyl group

    A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)

  • calorimetry.

    The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)

  • Carbene

    A neutral molecule that contains a carbon atom surrounded by only six valence electrons (R2C:).

  • complex lipid

    A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.

  • displacement reaction

    A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)

  • extensive property

    A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)

  • Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction

    A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.

  • HOMO

    The highest occupied molecular orbital.

  • homotopic

    Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.

  • Hydrogenolysis

    Cleavage of a single bond by H2, most commonly accomplished by treating a compound with H2 in the presence of a transition metal catalyst.

  • ion-product constant

    For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)

  • molecular-orbital diagram

    A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived; also called an energy-level diagram. (Section 9.7)

  • nanomaterial

    A solid whose dimensions range from 1 to 100 nm and whose properties differ from those of a bulk material with the same composition. (Section 12.1)

  • Quantum mechanics

    The branch of science that studies the interaction of matter and radiation.

  • Substitution

    A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms in a compound is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

  • three-center, two-electron bonds

    A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).

  • torsional strain

    The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).

  • Unsaturated hydrocarbon

    A hydrocarbon containing one or more carbon-carbon double or triple bonds. The three classes of unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkenes, alkynes, and arenes

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