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Solutions for Chapter 1.6: Electronic structure of the hydrogen atom
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit based on the value of exactly 12 amu for the mass of the isotope of carbon that has six protons and six neutrons in the nucleus. (Sections 2.3 and 3.3)
The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)
A type of magnetism that causes a substance with no unpaired electrons to be weakly repelled from a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
A measure of the separation and magnitude of the positive and negative charges in polar molecules. (Section 8.4)
Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles
Two groups connected to the same carbon atom. For example, a geminal dihalide is a compound with two halogens connected to the same carbon atom.
The flow of energy from a body at higher temperature to one at lower temperature when they are placed in thermal contact. (Section 5.1)
A compound with the structure R!O!O!H.
The absolute temperature scale; the SI unit for temperature is the kelvin. Zero on the Kelvin scale corresponds to -273.15 °C. (Section 1.4)
A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.
A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.
In a BaeyerVilliger oxidation, the migration rates of different groups, which determine the regiochemical outcome of the reaction.
Molecular ion (M1)
The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.
In NMR spectroscopy, if n is the number of neighboring protons, then the multiplicity will be n+1.
In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.
The pressure exerted by a particular gas in a mixture. (Section 10.6)
A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
The threedimensional shape of a protein.
van der Waals forces
A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces