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Solutions for Chapter 2.2: UNBRANCHED ALKANES
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded only to alkyl groups.
An addition reaction in which two groups are installed on opposite sides of a p bond.
The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
A prefi x meaning on the same side
A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
A reaction in which two smaller molecules combine to form a larger molecule. Water is invariably one of the products of such a reaction. (24.4)
A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
A polymer containing two or more different monomers. (25.2)
Diamagnetic current in NMR
The circulation of electron density in a molecule in an applied magnetic fi eld.
A measure of the separation and magnitude of the positive and negative charges in polar molecules. (Section 8.4)
From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.
loss of a leaving group
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
A chemical formula that indicates the actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule of a substance. (Section 2.6)
A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.
the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light
A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene
Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.
Groups that weakly deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby decreasing the rate of the reaction.