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Solutions for Chapter 2.3: CONFORmATIONS OF ALKANES

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 2.3: CONFORmATIONS OF ALKANES

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 4 problems in chapter 2.3: CONFORmATIONS OF ALKANES have been answered, more than 8152 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 2.3: CONFORmATIONS OF ALKANES includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition polymerization

    Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)

  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • beta (b) pleated sheet

    For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when two or more protein chains line up side-by-side.

  • concentration of a solution.

    The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)

  • coordinate covalent bond.

    A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)

  • fingerprint region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals resulting from the vibrational excitation of most single bonds (stretching and bending).

  • Gibbs free energy change (DG°)

    The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • Line-angle formula

    An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons

  • mass spectrometer

    A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.

  • matter

    Anything that occupies space and has mass; the physical material of the universe. (Section 1.1)

  • molar heat capacity

    The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • periplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.

  • pH

    The negative log in base 10 of the aquated hydrogen ion concentration: pH = -log3H+4. (Section 16.4)

  • phospholipids

    Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.

  • precision

    The closeness of agreement among several measurements of the same quantity; the reproducibility of a measurement. (Section 1.5)

  • rearrangement

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • smectic liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)

  • symmetry allowed

    A reaction that obeys conservation of orbital symmetry.

  • trigonal planar

    A geometry adopted by an atom with a steric number of 3. All three groups lie in one plane and are separated by 120°.

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