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Solutions for Chapter 3.6: tHe relAtIoNsHIp oF struCture to ACIdIty

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 3.6: tHe relAtIoNsHIp oF struCture to ACIdIty

Since 5 problems in chapter 3.6: tHe relAtIoNsHIp oF struCture to ACIdIty have been answered, more than 36970 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 3.6: tHe relAtIoNsHIp oF struCture to ACIdIty includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Helix

    A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.

  • Beer’s law

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)

  • Bond length

    The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).

  • Cation

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.

  • Conjugated

    A conjugated diene or carbonyl is one in which the double bonds are separated by one single bond

  • coordination-sphere isomers

    Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)

  • effective nuclear charge

    The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • haloform reaction

    A reaction in which a methyl ketone is converted into a carboxylic acid upon treatment with excess base and excess halogen, followed by aqueous acid.

  • hemiacetal

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.

  • hole

    A vacancy in the valence band of a semiconductor, created by doping. (Section 12.7)

  • hydrophilic

    A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.

  • liquid

    Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)

  • mineral

    A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)

  • nuclear disintegration series

    A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one; also called a radioactive series. (Section 21.2)

  • paramagnetism

    A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)

  • photon

    The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)

  • physiological pH

    The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).

  • radionuclide

    A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)

  • saponification

    Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)

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