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Solutions for Chapter 3.6: tHe relAtIoNsHIp oF struCture to ACIdIty
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)
The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).
An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.
A conjugated diene or carbonyl is one in which the double bonds are separated by one single bond
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)
effective nuclear charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
A reaction in which a methyl ketone is converted into a carboxylic acid upon treatment with excess base and excess halogen, followed by aqueous acid.
A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.
A vacancy in the valence band of a semiconductor, created by doping. (Section 12.7)
A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.
Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)
A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)
nuclear disintegration series
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one; also called a radioactive series. (Section 21.2)
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)
The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).
A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)
Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)