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Solutions for Chapter 4.5: relATIVe sTAbIlITIes oF AlKeNe Isomers
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
A dicarboxylic acid that is produced when an aldose or ketose is treated with a strong oxidizing agent, such as HNO3.
An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.
Members of group 1A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
Compounds containing a carbon-carbon triple bond.
The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that promotes tissue and muscle growth and development
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100
In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.
conservation of orbital symmetry
During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.
Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)
Any process with a negative DG.
A region of space that can hold two electrons
A polymer containing the !NHCO2! group as a repeating unit
The general process of advancing scientific knowledge by making experimental observations and by formulating hypotheses, theories, and laws. (Section 1.3)
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.
spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2
A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).
A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.
A compound with two oppositely charged atoms adjacent to each other.