- 22.214.171.124: Classify the isomeric carbocations in each of the following parts a...
- 126.96.36.199: By writing the curved-arrow mechanism of the reaction, predict the ...
- 188.8.131.52: In each case, give two different alkene starting materials that wou...
- 184.108.40.206: Which of the following carbocations is likely to rearrange? If rear...
- 220.127.116.11: Draw the curved-arrow mechanism for the reaction in Eq. 4.29 that a...
- 18.104.22.168: Only one of the following three alkyl halides can be prepared as th...
- 22.214.171.124: Draw curved-arrow mechanisms and transition-state structures for ea...
Solutions for Chapter 4.7: AddITIoN oF HydroGeN HAlIdes To AlKeNes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
activated complex (transition state)
The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)
activation energy (Ea).
The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)
A compound that possesses a hydroxyl group (OH).
Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)
A solid whose molecular arrangement lacks the regularly repeating long- range pattern of a crystal. (Section 12.2)
The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)
A proton acceptor
When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.
continuous-wave (CW) spectrometer
An NMR spectrometer that holds the magnetic field constant and slowly sweeps through a range of rf frequencies, monitoring which frequencies are absorbed.
A neutral species containing one or more complex ions. (23.3)
A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)
Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
Possessing the ability to rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring
A list of ligands arranged in order of their abilities to split the d-orbital energies (using the terminology of the crystal-field model). (Section 23.6)
Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.