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Solutions for Chapter 4.8: reACtIoN rAtes

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 4.8: reACtIoN rAtes

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Chapter 4.8: reACtIoN rAtes includes 7 full step-by-step solutions. Since 7 problems in chapter 4.8: reACtIoN rAtes have been answered, more than 39320 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid ionization constant (Ka).

    The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)

  • activated complex.

    The species temporarily formed by the reactant molecules as a result of the collision before they form the product. (13.4)

  • amine

    A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)

  • auxochrome

    When applying Woodward-Fieser rules, the groups attached to the chromophore.

  • biodegradable

    Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)

  • cathode rays

    Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)

  • chemical formula.

    An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)

  • combination reaction.

    A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)

  • dihydroxylation

    A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.

  • disulfide

    A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.

  • empirical formula

    A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)

  • Hofmann product

    The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.

  • neutralization reaction

    A reaction in which an acid and a base react in stoichiometrically equivalent amounts; the neutralization reaction between an acid and a metal hydroxide produces water and a salt. (Section 4.3)

  • off-resonance decoupling

    In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.

  • optical isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)

  • Signal

    A recording in an NMR spectrum of a nuclear magnetic resonance

  • solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2

    An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)

  • solvent

    The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the greater amount. (Section 4.1)

  • standard emf, also called the standard cell potential 1E°2

    The emf of a cell when all reagents are at standard conditions. (Section 20.4)

  • vinylic

    The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.

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