- 188.8.131.52: (a) Draw the transition state for the reverse reaction of Eq. 4.30....
- 184.108.40.206: (a) The standard free energy of activation of one reaction A is 90 ...
- 220.127.116.11: The standard free energy of activation of a reaction A is 90 kJ mol...
- 18.104.22.168: Draw a reaction free-energy diagram for a reaction AHBHC that meets...
- 22.214.171.124: Repeat 4.30 for a case in which the standard free energies are in t...
- 126.96.36.199: Apply Hammonds postulate to decide which reaction is faster: additi...
- 188.8.131.52: Give the product formed when each of the following alkenes reacts w...
Solutions for Chapter 4.8: reACtIoN rAtes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
acid ionization constant (Ka).
The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)
The species temporarily formed by the reactant molecules as a result of the collision before they form the product. (13.4)
A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)
When applying Woodward-Fieser rules, the groups attached to the chromophore.
Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)
Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)
An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)
A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.
A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.
A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)
The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.
A reaction in which an acid and a base react in stoichiometrically equivalent amounts; the neutralization reaction between an acid and a metal hydroxide produces water and a salt. (Section 4.3)
In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.
A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)
A recording in an NMR spectrum of a nuclear magnetic resonance
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the greater amount. (Section 4.1)
standard emf, also called the standard cell potential 1E°2
The emf of a cell when all reagents are at standard conditions. (Section 20.4)
The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.