- 22.214.171.124: Draw line-and-wedge representations for each of the following chira...
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Solutions for Chapter 6.2: nomEnClaturE of EnantiomErs
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Theoretically the lowest attainable temperature. (5.3)
Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.
A reaction for which the reagent necessary to catalyze the reaction is produced by the reaction itself.
A statement that the volume of a gas maintained at constant temperature and pressure is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas. (Section 10.3)
Valence electrons involved in forming a covalent bond (i.e., shared electrons).
The species formed when a base accepts a proton from an acid
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)
A region of a polymer inwhich the chains are linearly extended and closein proximity to one another, resulting in van der Waals forces that hold the chains close together.
An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.
A procedure for preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated solution. (4.5)
Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles
A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number of electrons. (Section 7.3)
law of definite proportions
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)
The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)
An intermediate with a positively charged oxygen atom.
specific heat 1Cs2
The heat capacity of 1 g of a substance; the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.
Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.