- 18.104.22.168: Draw line-and-wedge representations for each of the following chira...
- 22.214.171.124: Indicate whether the asymmetric atom in each of the following compo...
Solutions for Chapter 6.2: nomEnClaturE of EnantiomErs
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
A pattern of variation in the amount of light absorbed by a sample as a function of wavelength. (Section 23.5)
An elementary step that involves two molecules. (13.5)
A process in which a substance (or substances) is changed into one or more new substances. (3.7)
Compounds or ions that are not superimposable with their mirror images. (23.4)
A chemical reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (Section 3.2)
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction
Carbohydrates comprisedof two monosaccharide units joined via aglycosidic linkage between the anomeric carbonof one monosaccharide and a hydroxyl group ofthe other monosaccharide.
Diastereomers that differ from each other in the configuration of only one chirality center.
Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.
For a metal ion complex, the equilibrium constant for formation of the complex from the metal ion and base species present in solution. It is a measure of the tendency of the complex to form. (Section 17.5)
An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
An alloy in which smaller atoms fit into spaces between larger atoms. The larger atoms are metallic elements and the smaller atoms are typically nonmetallic elements. (Section 12.3)
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
A chemical formula that indicates the actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule of a substance. (Section 2.6)
A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.
R (Section 3.3)
From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.
A compound with two oppositely charged atoms adjacent to each other.
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