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Solutions for Chapter 6.5: stereochemical correlation

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 6.5: stereochemical correlation

Solutions for Chapter 6.5
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Chapter 6.5: stereochemical correlation includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 6.5: stereochemical correlation have been answered, more than 39518 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activated complex (transition state)

    The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)

  • allylic

    The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.

  • Allylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.

  • Amino acid

    A compound that contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group

  • back-side attack

    In SN2 reactions, the side opposite the leaving group, which is where the nucleophile attacks.

  • carbocation

    An intermediate containing a positively charged carbon atom.

  • chiral

    A term describing a molecule or an ion that cannot be superimposed on its mirror image. (Sections 23.4 and 24.5)

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • Dipole-dipole interaction

    The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.

  • doublet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.

  • Edman degradation

    A method for analyzing the sequence of amino acids in apeptide by removing one amino acid residue at a time and identifying each residue as it is removed.

  • electron

    A negatively charged subatomic particle found outside the atomic nucleus; it is a part of all atoms. An electron has a mass 1>1836 times that of a proton. (Section 2.3)

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)

    In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.

  • intermolecular forces

    The attractive forces between molecules.

  • plane-polarized light

    Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.

  • Secondary (2°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen

  • spontaneous

    A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.

  • thioacetal

    A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.

  • weak deactivators

    Groups that weakly deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby decreasing the rate of the reaction.

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