- 126.96.36.199: The DG difference between the axial and equatorial conformations of...
- 188.8.131.52: Using the information in the previous problem and in Eq. 7.7, contr...
- 184.108.40.206: a) The axial conformation of fluorocyclohexane is 1.0 kJ mol1 (0.25...
Solutions for Chapter 7.3: Monosubstituted CyClohexanes. ConforMational analysis
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
Cis, trans isomers
Stereoisomers that have the same connectivity but a different arrangement of their atoms in space as a result of the presence of either a ring or a carboncarbon double bond.
conjugate acid–base pair
An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)
crystal field splitting (D).
The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).
For a mixture containing two enantiomers, the difference between the percent concentration of the major enantiomer and the percent concentration of its mirror image.
The capacity to do work or to transfer heat. (Section 5.1)
A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)
A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)
An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.
From the Greek, mono 1 meros, meaning single part. The simplest nonredundant unit from which a polymer is synthesized.
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
The emission of electrons from a metal surface induced by light. (Section 6.2)
The sequence of amino acids along a protein chain. (Section 24.7)
A process in which heat converts a mineral in an ore from one chemical form to another and eventually to the free metal. (Section 23.2)
For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)
Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.
A conformation of cyclohexane that is lower in energy than a boat conformation but higher in energy than a chair conformation.
The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.