- 184.108.40.206: (a) The dipole moment of trans-1,3-dibromocyclobutane is 1.1 D. Exp...
- 220.127.116.11: Tell whether each of the following compounds is chiral. (a) cis-1,2...
Solutions for Chapter 7.5: CyClopentane, CyClobutane, and CyClopropane
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.
A substance capable of donating a proton. (4.3)
The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)
A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)
A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)
The species formed when an acid transfers a proton to a base
The process in which the molecules go directly from the vapor into the solid phase. (11.8)
Haloalkane (alkyl halide)
A compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon atom. Given the symbol R!X.
Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.
The product formed when either d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose is coupled with certain nitrogen heterocycles (called bases).
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
reducing agent, or reductant
The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
The threedimensional shape of a protein.
A solution to a set of equations that defi nes the energy of an electron in an atom and the region of space it may occupy.
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