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Solutions for Chapter 8.3: StructureS of alkyl halideS, alcoholS, thiolS, etherS, and SulfideS

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 8.3: StructureS of alkyl halideS, alcoholS, thiolS, etherS, and SulfideS

Solutions for Chapter 8.3
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Chapter 8.3: StructureS of alkyl halideS, alcoholS, thiolS, etherS, and SulfideS includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 8.3: StructureS of alkyl halideS, alcoholS, thiolS, etherS, and SulfideS have been answered, more than 30209 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkali metals.

    The Group 1A elements (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr). (2.4)

  • Allyl

    A !CH2CH"CH2 group.

  • Annulene

    A cyclic hydrocarbon with a continuous alternation of single and double bonds.

  • atomic mass.

    The mass of an atom in atomic mass units. (3.1)

  • basic anhydride (basic oxide)

    An oxide that forms a base when added to water; soluble metal oxides are basic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • Benzyne intermediate

    A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.

  • chemical equilibrium

    A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)

  • cycloalkanes.

    Alkanes whose carbon atoms are joined in rings. (24.2)

  • enantiotopic

    Protons that are not interchangeable by rotational symmetry but are interchangeable by reflectional symmetry.

  • Estrogen

    A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.

  • heat capacity

    The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)

  • kinetic energy

    The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion. (Section 5.1)

  • Lewis dot structure

    The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom

  • Newman projection

    A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond

  • Polarimeter

    An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.

  • Prochiral hydrogens

    Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol

  • sp3-hybridized orbitals

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, atype of vibration that generally produces a signal in the diagnostic region of an IR spectrum.

  • symmetry forbidden

    A reaction that disobeys conservation of orbital symmetry.

  • terpenes

    A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.

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