- 22.214.171.124: Give all the products that might be formed when 3-chloro-2,2-dimeth...
- 126.96.36.199: Write a curved-arrow mechanism for formation of the rearrangement p...
- 188.8.131.52: The optically active alkyl halide in Eq. 9.61 reacts at 60 C in anh...
- 184.108.40.206: In light of the ion-pair hypothesis, how would you expect the stere...
Solutions for Chapter 9.6: the sN1 aNd e1 reactioNs
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)
A type of geometry resulting from an sp3-hybridized atom that has two lone pairs. For example, the oxygen atom in H2O.
An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of solute particles in solution and not on the nature of the solute particles. (12.6)
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)
degree of unsaturation
The absence of two hydrogen atoms associated with a ring or a p bond.
A compound with the structure R!O!R.
A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)
A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.
The term used to describe the wave characteristics of a moving particle. (Section 6.4)
Molecular dipole moment (m)
The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.
A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
A ligand in which two or more donor atoms can coordinate to the same metal ion. (Section 23.3)
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.
Tertiary structure of nucleic acids
The threedimensional arrangement of all atoms of a nucleic acid, commonly referred to as supercoiling