Solutions for Chapter 9.7: summary of substitution and elimination reactions of alkyl Halides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 9.7: summary of substitution and elimination reactions of alkyl HalidesGet Full Solutions
A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)
Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.
Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)
Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)
A compound containing a metal ion bonded to a group of surrounding molecules or ions that act as ligands. (Section 23.2)
The separation on an NMR spectrum (in hertz) between adjacent peaks in a multiplet and a quantitative measure of the infl uence of the spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei.
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
A bimolecular eliminationreaction.eclipsed conformation (Sect. 4.7): A conformationin which groups are eclipsing each other in aNewman projection.
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals resulting from the vibrational excitation of most single bonds (stretching and bending).
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.
A property that is independent of the amount of material considered, for example, density. (Section 1.3)
In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
The emission of electrons from a metal surface induced by light. (Section 6.2)
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile
A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene
Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)
A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.
a !CH"CH2 group