- 10.5.10.23: Suggest conditions for carrying out each of the following conversio...
- 10.5.10.24: Give the structure of two secondary alcohols that could be converte...
- 10.5.10.25: Contrast the products expected when 2-methyl-3-pentanol is treated ...
Solutions for Chapter 10.5: Conversion of AlCohols into Alkyl hAlides: summAry
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)
The minimum mass of fissionable material required to generate a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. (19.5)
effective nuclear charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)
The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)
Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
The lowest energy state of a system.
When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.
Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.
A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)
net ionic equation
A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)
Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol
For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.
A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)
A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
A method that chemists use to deal with the inadequacy of bond-line drawings.
Specifi c rotation
The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).
The right side of an NMRspectrum.
A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.