Solutions for Chapter 11.10: The Three FundamenTal OperaTiOns OF Organic synThesis
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 11.10: The Three FundamenTal OperaTiOns OF Organic synThesisGet Full Solutions
A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.
A unit of pressure equal to 105 Pa. (Section 10.2)
The SI unit of radioactivity. It corresponds to one nuclear disintegration per second. (Section 21.4)
The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)
A compound that can serve as a proton acceptor.
A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical changes. (Section 1.3)
Any three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule that results from rotation about a single bond.
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
A spectrum that contains radiation distributed over all wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
The resonance-stabilized conjugate base of a ketone, aldehyde, or ester.
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)
The science of extracting metals from their natural sources by a combination of chemical and physical processes. It is also concerned with the properties and structures of metals and alloys. (Section 23.1)
A CH2 group.
molar heat capacity
The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.
A C6H5 group.
The distance between adjacent peaks of an oscillating magnetic or electric field.