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Solutions for Chapter 14.1: Structure and Bonding in alkyneS

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 14.1: Structure and Bonding in alkyneS

Solutions for Chapter 14.1
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Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Since 1 problems in chapter 14.1: Structure and Bonding in alkyneS have been answered, more than 29812 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Chapter 14.1: Structure and Bonding in alkyneS includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Absorbance (A)

    A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation

  • Acylium ion

    A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.

  • Aldehyde

    A compound containing a !CHO group

  • alkaline earth metals.

    The Group 2A elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra). (2.4)

  • Benzyne intermediate

    A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A compound that can serve as a proton donor.

  • chemical reactions

    Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical changes. (Section 1.3)

  • conversion factor

    A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)

  • crown ether

    Cyclic polyethers whose molecular models resemble crowns.

  • Haber process

    The catalyst system and conditions of temperature and pressure developed by Fritz Haber and coworkers for the formation of NH3 from H2 and N2. (Section 15.2)

  • Haloform

    A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.

  • heterogeneous equilibrium

    The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)

  • Homotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions

  • Hund’s rule

    A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

  • N terminus

    For a peptide chain,the end that contains the amino group.

  • optically inactive

    A compound that does not rotate plane-polarized light.

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • Ostwald process

    An industrial process used to make nitric acid from ammonia. The NH3 is catalytically oxidized by O2 to form NO; NO in air is oxidized to NO2; HNO3 is formed in a disproportionation reaction when NO2 dissolves in water. (Section 22.7)

  • Stork enamine synthesis

    A Michaelreaction in which an enamine functions as anucleophile.

  • van der Waals radius

    The minimum distance of approach to an atom that does not cause nonbonded interaction strain.

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