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Solutions for Chapter 14.5: converSion of alkyneS into aldehydeS and ketoneS

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 14.5: converSion of alkyneS into aldehydeS and ketoneS

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Chapter 14.5: converSion of alkyneS into aldehydeS and ketoneS includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Since 4 problems in chapter 14.5: converSion of alkyneS into aldehydeS and ketoneS have been answered, more than 40129 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Amino acid

    An amino acid in which the amino group is on the carbon adjacent to the carboxyl group.

  • androgens

    Male sex hormones.

  • Benzyne intermediate

    A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.

  • bridgeheads

    In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.

  • calorie

    A unit of energy; it is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 °C from 14.5 °C to 15.5 °C. A related unit is the joule: 1 cal = 4.184 J. (Section 5.1)

  • conjugate addition

    An addition reaction in which a nucleophile and a proton are added across the two ends of a conjugated p system.

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • enantiotopic

    Protons that are not interchangeable by rotational symmetry but are interchangeable by reflectional symmetry.

  • Equatorial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring

  • Exergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is lower than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an exergonic reaction favors products.

  • fragmentation

    In mass spectrometry, when the molecular ion breaks apart into fragments.

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • greenhouse gases

    Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)

  • homogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • Lewis structures

    A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.

  • Merrifield synthesis

    A method for building a peptide from protected building blocks.

  • Orbital

    A region of space that can hold two electrons

  • peptide bond

    The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.

  • Stereochemistry

    The study of three-dimensional arrangements of atoms in molecules

  • vinylic

    The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.