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Solutions for Chapter 16.4: electrophilic aromatic suBstitutioN reactioNs of BeNzeNe

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 16.4: electrophilic aromatic suBstitutioN reactioNs of BeNzeNe

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 9 problems in chapter 16.4: electrophilic aromatic suBstitutioN reactioNs of BeNzeNe have been answered, more than 36681 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 16.4: electrophilic aromatic suBstitutioN reactioNs of BeNzeNe includes 9 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • Anomeric carbon

    The hemiacetal or acetal carbon of the cyclic form of a carbohydrate

  • atomic mass unit (amu).

    A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)

  • branched polymer

    A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.

  • Carbohydrate

    A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.

  • charcoal

    A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)

  • Conjugate acid

    The species formed when a base accepts a proton from an acid

  • critical mass

    The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)

  • debye (D)

    A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.

  • downfield

    The left side of an NMR spectrum.

  • electrocyclic reaction

    A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.

  • electromagnetic radiation (radiant energy)

    A form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propagates through a vacuum at the characteristic speed of 3.00 * 108 m >s. (Section 6.1)

  • Estrogen

    A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.

  • homotopic

    Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.

  • partially condensed structures

    A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.

  • polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)

  • resonance structures

    A series of structures that are melded together (conceptually) to circumvent the inadequacies of bond-line drawings.

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • Tertiary structure of nucleic acids

    The threedimensional arrangement of all atoms of a nucleic acid, commonly referred to as supercoiling

  • van der Waals radius

    The minimum distance of approach to an atom that does not cause nonbonded interaction strain.

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