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Solutions for Chapter 16.4: electrophilic aromatic suBstitutioN reactioNs of BeNzeNe
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 16.4: electrophilic aromatic suBstitutioN reactioNs of BeNzeNeGet Full Solutions
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
The hemiacetal or acetal carbon of the cyclic form of a carbohydrate
atomic mass unit (amu).
A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
The species formed when a base accepts a proton from an acid
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.
The left side of an NMR spectrum.
A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.
electromagnetic radiation (radiant energy)
A form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propagates through a vacuum at the characteristic speed of 3.00 * 108 m >s. (Section 6.1)
A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.
Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.
partially condensed structures
A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.
polar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)
A series of structures that are melded together (conceptually) to circumvent the inadequacies of bond-line drawings.
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
Tertiary structure of nucleic acids
The threedimensional arrangement of all atoms of a nucleic acid, commonly referred to as supercoiling
van der Waals radius
The minimum distance of approach to an atom that does not cause nonbonded interaction strain.