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Solutions for Chapter 18: THE CHEmisTRy of ARyl HAlidEs, VinyliC HAlidEs, And PHEnols. TRAnsiTion-mETAl CATAlysis

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 18: THE CHEmisTRy of ARyl HAlidEs, VinyliC HAlidEs, And PHEnols. TRAnsiTion-mETAl CATAlysis

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 6
Author: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise
ISBN: 9781936221349

Since 47 problems in chapter 18: THE CHEmisTRy of ARyl HAlidEs, VinyliC HAlidEs, And PHEnols. TRAnsiTion-mETAl CATAlysis have been answered, more than 8082 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Chapter 18: THE CHEmisTRy of ARyl HAlidEs, VinyliC HAlidEs, And PHEnols. TRAnsiTion-mETAl CATAlysis includes 47 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Hydrogen

    A hydrogen on a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group.

  • amide

    An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)

  • arenium ion

    The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A proton donor

  • carbocation

    An intermediate containing a positively charged carbon atom.

  • deactivate

    For a substitutedaromatic ring, the effect of an electronwithdrawingsubstituent that decreases therate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.

  • Diels-Alder adduct

    A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.

  • electromotive force (emf)

    A measure of the driving force, or electrical pressure, for the completion of an electrochemical reaction. Electromotive force is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called the cell potential. (Section 20.4)

  • frequency factor (A)

    A term in the Arrhenius equation that is related to the frequency of collision and the probability that the collisions are favorably oriented for reaction. (Section 14.5)

  • group

    Elements that are in the same column of the periodic table; elements within the same group or family exhibit similarities in their chemical behavior. (Section 2.5)

  • heterogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.

  • Hund’s rule

    A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

  • hydrogen deficiency index (HDI)

    A measure of the number of degrees of unsaturation in a compound.

  • Infrared active

    Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.

  • Nucleophilicity

    A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.

  • Prochiral hydrogens

    Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol

  • quintet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.

  • Reaction coordinate diagram

    A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.

  • reaction order

    The power to which the concentration of a reactant is raised in a rate law. (Section 14.3)

  • tertiary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.

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