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Solutions for Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Organic Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Since 6 problems in chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes have been answered, more than 8079 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes includes 6 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aldonic acid

    The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group

  • alkyl group

    A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)

  • amalgam.

    An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. (21.2)

  • cathode.

    The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)

  • Charles’ law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. (5.3)

  • diene

    A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds.

  • Dipeptide

    A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond

  • Eclipsed conformation

    A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.

  • electron domain

    In the VSEPR model, a region about a central atom in which an electron pair is concentrated. (Section 9.2)

  • Gibbs free energy

    A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)

  • homogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • nuclear binding energy

    The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)

  • Nucleic acid

    A biopolymer containing three types of monomer units: heterocyclic aromatic amine bases derived from purine and pyrimidine, the monosaccharides d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose, and phosphoric acid

  • phospholipid

    A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)

  • reaction quotient (Q)

    The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)

  • Sandmeyer reactions

    Reactions that utilize copper salts (CuX) and enable the installation of a halogen or a cyano group on an aromatic ring.

  • soluble

    A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.

  • stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, atype of vibration that generally produces a signal in the diagnostic region of an IR spectrum.

  • terpenes

    A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.

  • thermodynamics

    The study of how energy is distributed under the influence of entropy. For chemists, the thermodynamics of a reaction specifically refers to the study of the relative energy levels of reactants and products.

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