Solutions for Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Since 6 problems in chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes have been answered, more than 16011 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes includes 6 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • bimolecular reaction.

    An elementary step that involves two molecules. (13.5)

  • chelate effect

    The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)

  • condensation polymer

    A polymer,that is formed via a condensation reaction.

  • covalent bond

    A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

  • Dienophile

    A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.

  • electron domain

    In the VSEPR model, a region about a central atom in which an electron pair is concentrated. (Section 9.2)

  • f-block metals

    Lanthanide and actinide elements in which the 4f or 5f orbitals are partially occupied. (Section 6.9)

  • fission

    The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)

  • Glass transition temperature (TG)

    The temperature at which a polymer undergoes the transition from a hard glass to a rubbery state

  • Henry’s law

    A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)

  • Hydrogenolysis

    Cleavage of a single bond by H2, most commonly accomplished by treating a compound with H2 in the presence of a transition metal catalyst.

  • J value

    When signal splitting occurs in 1H NMR spectroscopy, the distance (in hertz) between the individual peaks of a signal.

  • localized lone pair

    A lone pair thatis not participating in resonance.

  • microstate

    The state of a system at a particular instant; one of many possible energetically equivalent ways to arrange the components of a system to achieve a particular state. (Section 19.3)

  • quaternary ammonium salt

    An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • Spin-spin coupling

    An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.

  • three-center, two-electron bonds

    A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).

  • triplet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of three peaks.

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