- 22.214.171.124: Give the structure for each of the following compounds. (a) isobutr...
- 126.96.36.199: Propose syntheses of each of the following acetals from carbonyl co...
- 188.8.131.52: Give the substitutive name for each of the following compounds. (a)...
- 184.108.40.206: Suggest a structure for the acetal product of each reaction. (a) (b)
- 220.127.116.11: Outline a synthesis of the following compound from p-bromoacetophen...
- 18.104.22.168: Draw the structure of (a) the oxime of acetone; (b) the imine forme...
Solutions for Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one or more aryl groups.
An sp3 -hybridized carbon bonded to a benzene ring
A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)
Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)
A !COOH group.
Representations of a molecule or ion that differ only in the distribution of valence electrons.
An alkane whose structure contains a ring.
Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable
A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.
Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
homolitic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.
malonic ester synthesis
Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.
Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.
A !CH2! group.
The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.
nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)
Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.
The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid