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Solutions for Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Since 6 problems in chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes have been answered, more than 36180 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 19.1: NomeNclature of aldehydes aNd KetoNes includes 6 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Absorbance (A)

    A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation

  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • Aromatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one or more aryl groups.

  • Benzylic position

    An sp3 -hybridized carbon bonded to a benzene ring

  • carbohydrates

    A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)

  • Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)

    A !COOH group.

  • Contributing structures

    Representations of a molecule or ion that differ only in the distribution of valence electrons.

  • cycloalkane

    An alkane whose structure contains a ring.

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • Fingerprint region

    Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.

  • heat capacity

    The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)

  • homolitic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • Meta (m)

    Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.

  • Methylene

    A !CH2! group.

  • Michael donor

    The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.

  • nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)

    Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • Peptide bond

    The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid

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