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Solutions for Chapter 19.6: bAsicity of Aldehydes And Ketones
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
An object that lacks chirality; an object that has no handedness
Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)
alpha (a) position
The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.
Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
A reaction that involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst.
A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).
The circulation of electron density in the presence of an external magnetic field, which produces a local (induced) magnetic field that opposes the external magnetic field.
A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
heat of vaporization
The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a liquid. (Section 11.4)
The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)
Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the left.
The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
A molecule, ion, or radical described as a composite of a number of contributing structures
A compound containing three hydroxyl groups.