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Solutions for Chapter 20.3: spectroscopy of carboxylic acids

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 20.3: spectroscopy of carboxylic acids

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Chapter 20.3: spectroscopy of carboxylic acids includes 3 full step-by-step solutions. Since 3 problems in chapter 20.3: spectroscopy of carboxylic acids have been answered, more than 34192 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • alkylthio group

    An SR group.

  • anode

    An electrode at which oxidation occurs. (Section 20.3)

  • anti-Markovnikov addition

    An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom is installed at the more substituted vinylic position and another group (such as a halogen) is installed at the less substituted vinylic position.

  • base-dissociation constant (Kb)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)

  • benzyne

    A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • bimolecular reaction

    An elementary reaction that involves two molecules. (Section 14.6)

  • cathode

    An electrode at which reduction occurs. (Section 20.3)

  • chain reaction

    A reaction (generally involving radicals) in which one chemical entity can ultimately cause a chemical transformation for thousands of molecules.

  • concentration

    The quantity of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (Section 4.5)

  • Diaxial interactions

    Refers to the steric strain arising from interaction between an axial substituent and an axial hydrogen (or other group) on the same side of a chair conformation of a cyclohexane ring

  • ion

    Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • leaving group

    A group capable ofseparating from a compound.

  • localized lone pair

    A lone pair thatis not participating in resonance.

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • phospholipids

    Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.

  • SN1 reaction

    A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • sulfide

    A compound that is similar in structure to an ether, but the oxygen atom has been replaced with a sulfur atom. Also called a thioether.

  • syn addition

    An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.

  • Vicinal coupling

    a !CH"CH2 group

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