- 18.104.22.168: (a) Write the equations for the first and second ionizations of suc...
- 22.214.171.124: Imagine that you have just carried out a conversion of p-bromotolue...
Solutions for Chapter 20.4: acidbase properties of carboxylic acids
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
A hydrocarbon that lacks p bonds.
Hydrocarbon compounds that contain a planar, cyclic arrangement of carbon atoms linked by both s and delocalized p bonds. (Section 24.2)
An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
The process of separating compounds on the basis of their electric charge
Enantiomeric excess (ee)
The difference between the percentage of two enantiomers in a mixture
A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is higher than the enthalpy of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is absorbed
Haloalkane (alkyl halide)
A compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon atom. Given the symbol R!X.
A vacancy in the valence band of a semiconductor, created by doping. (Section 12.7)
A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond
A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.
A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
Sanger dideoxy method
A method developed by Frederick Sanger for sequencing DNA molecules
Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation
A reaction that converts an alkene into an epoxide via a stereospecific pathway.
A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.
The study of how energy is distributed under the influence of entropy. For chemists, the thermodynamics of a reaction specifically refers to the study of the relative energy levels of reactants and products.
valence bond theory
A theory that treats a bond as the sharing of electrons that are associated with individual atoms, rather than being associated with the entire molecule.