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Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Since 5 problems in chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides have been answered, more than 39338 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-adduct

    The product obtainedfrom 1,2-addition across a conjugated p system.

  • Acetal

    A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon

  • adrenocortical hormones

    Hormones that are secreted by the cortex (the outer layer) of the adrenal glands. Adrenocortical hormones are typically characterized by a carbonyl group or hydroxyl group at C11 of the steroid skeleton.

  • alloy.

    A solid solution composed of two or more metals, or of a metal or metals with one or more nonmetals. (21.2)

  • b-Pleated sheet

    A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.

  • carbohydrates

    Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.

  • cathode.

    The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)

  • chemical equilibrium.

    A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)

  • Confi gurational isomers

    Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter

  • crystalline solid (crystal)

    A solid whose internal arrangement of atoms, molecules, or ions possesses a regularly repeating pattern in any direction through the solid. (Section 12.2)

  • Cumulated

    A cumulated diene is one in which two double bonds share an sp-hybridized carbon

  • curie

    A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)

  • downfield

    The left side of an NMR spectrum.

  • exo

    In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.

  • Hofmann product

    The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.

  • labile

    Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.

  • leveling effect

    An effect thatprevents the use of bases stronger than hydroxidewhen the solvent is water.

  • product

    A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2

    The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)

  • sp Hybrid orbitaL

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.

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