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Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Since 5 problems in chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides have been answered, more than 21060 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,3-diaxial interaction

    Steric interactions that occur between axial substituents in a chair conformation.

  • alkylthio group

    An SR group.

  • band

    An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)

  • Bond length

    The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).

  • configuration

    The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).

  • Crown ether

    A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.

  • Downfield

    A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the left (larger chemical shift) on the chart paper.

  • electron density

    A term associatedwith the probability of finding an electron in aparticular region of space.

  • Enamine

    An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2

  • extensive property

    A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)

  • fuel value

    The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)

  • Halohydrin

    A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.

  • hydroperoxide

    A compound with the structure R!O!O!H.

  • leaving group

    A group capable ofseparating from a compound.

  • polypeptide

    A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)

  • positron emission

    A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)

  • quantum mechanics

    A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.

  • Resonance in NMR spectroscopy

    The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.

  • Tesla (T)

    The SI unit for magnetic fi eld strength.

  • Thermoset plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.

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