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Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydridesGet Full Solutions
Steric interactions that occur between axial substituents in a chair conformation.
An SR group.
An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)
The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).
The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).
A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.
A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the left (larger chemical shift) on the chart paper.
A term associatedwith the probability of finding an electron in aparticular region of space.
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)
The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)
A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.
A compound with the structure R!O!O!H.
A group capable ofseparating from a compound.
A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.
Resonance in NMR spectroscopy
The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.
The SI unit for magnetic fi eld strength.
A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.