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Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydridesGet Full Solutions
The product obtainedfrom 1,2-addition across a conjugated p system.
A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon
Hormones that are secreted by the cortex (the outer layer) of the adrenal glands. Adrenocortical hormones are typically characterized by a carbonyl group or hydroxyl group at C11 of the steroid skeleton.
A solid solution composed of two or more metals, or of a metal or metals with one or more nonmetals. (21.2)
A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.
Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.
The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)
A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)
Confi gurational isomers
Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
crystalline solid (crystal)
A solid whose internal arrangement of atoms, molecules, or ions possesses a regularly repeating pattern in any direction through the solid. (Section 12.2)
A cumulated diene is one in which two double bonds share an sp-hybridized carbon
A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)
The left side of an NMR spectrum.
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.
The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.
Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.
An effect thatprevents the use of bases stronger than hydroxidewhen the solvent is water.
A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2
The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)
sp Hybrid orbitaL
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.