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Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Since 5 problems in chapter 20.9: Conversion of CarboxyliC aCids into aCid Chlorides and anhydrides have been answered, more than 8388 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition polymers

    Polymers that are formed via cationic addition, anionic addition, or free-radical addition.

  • aldaric acid

    A dicarboxylic acid that is produced when an aldose or ketose is treated with a strong oxidizing agent, such as HNO3.

  • alpha (a) amino acid

    A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.

  • alpha (a) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH

  • benzyne

    A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • enthalpy

    A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)

  • equilibrium constant

    The numerical value of the equilibrium-constant expression for a system at equilibrium. The equilibrium constant is most usually denoted by Kp for gas-phase systems or Kc for solution-phase systems. (Section 15.2)

  • frequency

    For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.

  • Furanose

    A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.

  • Haworth projection

    A way to view furanose and pyranose forms of monosaccharides. The ring is drawn fl at and most commonly viewed through its edge with the anomeric carbon on the right and the oxygen atom of the ring to the rear

  • homogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • Index of hydrogen defi ciency

    The sum of the number of rings and p bonds in a molecule.

  • line spectrum

    A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)

  • Lipid bilayer

    A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.

  • Orbital

    A region of space that can hold two electrons

  • Oxymercuration-reduction

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.

  • polarizability

    The ease with which the electron cloud of an atom or a molecule is distorted by an outside influence, thereby inducing a dipole moment. (Section 11.2)

  • polarization

    For light, the orientation of the electric field.

  • radioactive

    Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)

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