Solutions for Chapter 20: THE CHEmisTRy of CARboxyliC ACids

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 20: THE CHEmisTRy of CARboxyliC ACids

Solutions for Chapter 20
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 6
Author: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise
ISBN: 9781936221349

Since 34 problems in chapter 20: THE CHEmisTRy of CARboxyliC ACids have been answered, more than 9804 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 20: THE CHEmisTRy of CARboxyliC ACids includes 34 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Absorbance (A)

    A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation

  • acetoacetic ester synthesis

    A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.

  • alkynes.

    Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n22, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)

  • Axial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.

  • biodegradable

    Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)

  • Bond length

    The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).

  • Bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • Boyle’s law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)

  • buffer solution.

    A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)

  • catalytic hydrogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst.

  • cathode rays

    Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)

  • chemical kinetics.

    The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)

  • electron domain

    In the VSEPR model, a region about a central atom in which an electron pair is concentrated. (Section 9.2)

  • Fischer projections

    A drawing style that is often used when dealing with compounds bearing multiple chirality centers, especially for carbohydrates. (See also Sect. 5.7.)

  • Grignard reagent

    A carbanion with the structure RMgX.

  • hyperconjugation

    An effect that explains why alkyl groups stabilize a carbocation.

  • Lipid

    A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.

  • nucleophilic attack

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • peptide

    A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.

  • Polarimeter

    An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.

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