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Solutions for Chapter 21.5: baSicity of carboxylic acid derivativeS

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 21.5: baSicity of carboxylic acid derivativeS

Solutions for Chapter 21.5
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Chapter 21.5: baSicity of carboxylic acid derivativeS includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Since 1 problems in chapter 21.5: baSicity of carboxylic acid derivativeS have been answered, more than 39084 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,4-addition

    A reaction involving the addition of two groups to a conjugated p system in which one group is installed at the C1 position and the other group is installed at the C4 position.

  • alternating copolymers

    A copolymer that contains an alternating distribution of repeating units.

  • antiferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • Clemmensen reduction

    A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.

  • conjugate base

    A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)

  • coupling constant

    When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.

  • cycloaddition reactions

    Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.

  • dispersion forces

    Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between induced dipoles. Also called London dispersion forces. (Section 11.2)

  • disulfide

    A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.

  • excited state

    A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)

  • Friedel-Crafts reaction

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.

  • heat capacity

    The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • Hofmann product

    The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.

  • Lewis base

    An electron-pair donor. (Section 16.11)

  • nucleus

    The very small, very dense, positively charged portion of an atom; it is composed of protons and neutrons. (Section 2.2)

  • rare earth element

    See lanthanide element. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)

  • Schiemann reaction

    The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).

  • sulfonation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.

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