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Solutions for Chapter 22.6: CoNdeNsAtIoN reACtIoNs INvolvING ester eNolAte IoNs

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 22.6: CoNdeNsAtIoN reACtIoNs INvolvING ester eNolAte IoNs

Since 6 problems in chapter 22.6: CoNdeNsAtIoN reACtIoNs INvolvING ester eNolAte IoNs have been answered, more than 37018 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 22.6: CoNdeNsAtIoN reACtIoNs INvolvING ester eNolAte IoNs includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alcohol

    An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)

  • aldehydes.

    Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • Brønsted-Lowry base

    A proton acceptor

  • catalytic hydrogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst.

  • dihedral angle

    The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.

  • Electrophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring

  • First ionization potential

    The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.

  • Hückel’s rule

    The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.

  • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)

  • observed rotation

    The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.

  • polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)

  • Pyranose

    A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.

  • redox (oxidation–reduction) reaction

    A reaction in which certain atoms undergo changes in oxidation states. The substance increasing in oxidation state is oxidized; the substance decreasing in oxidation state is reduced. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • Regioselective reaction

    An addition or substitution reaction in which one of two or more possible products is formed in preference to all others that might be formed.

  • Secondary (2°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen

  • sigma complex

    The positively charged intermediate of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction.

  • singlet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of only one peak.

  • Staggered conformation

    A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.

  • three-center, two-electron bonds

    A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).

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