- 184.108.40.206: Hydroxide ion is about as basic as ethoxide ion. Would NaOH be a su...
- 220.127.116.11: (a) Explain why compound A, when treated with one equivalent of NaO...
- 18.104.22.168: Complete the following reactions. Assume that one equivalent of NaO...
- 22.214.171.124: Analyze each of the following compounds and determine what starting...
- 126.96.36.199: Using abbreviated structures like the ones used in this section, ou...
- 188.8.131.52: Suppose a sample of acetyl-CoA labeled at the carbonyl carbon with ...
Solutions for Chapter 22.6: CoNdeNsAtIoN reACtIoNs INvolvING ester eNolAte IoNs
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
A proton acceptor
A reaction that involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst.
The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.
Electrophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring
First ionization potential
The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.
The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)
The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.
polar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)
A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
redox (oxidation–reduction) reaction
A reaction in which certain atoms undergo changes in oxidation states. The substance increasing in oxidation state is oxidized; the substance decreasing in oxidation state is reduced. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
An addition or substitution reaction in which one of two or more possible products is formed in preference to all others that might be formed.
Secondary (2°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen
The positively charged intermediate of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of only one peak.
A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.
three-center, two-electron bonds
A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).