- 18.104.22.168: Draw the structure of each of the following compounds. (a) N-isopro...
- 22.214.171.124: Outline a synthesis for each of the following compounds from the in...
- 126.96.36.199: Give an acceptable name for each of the following compounds. (a) (b...
- 188.8.131.52: As shown in the following equation, when (R)-1-deuterio-1-butanamin...
- 184.108.40.206: (a) Write a Lewis structure for HNO2 in Eq. 23.50. (b) Write a mech...
- 220.127.116.11: Design a synthesis of methyl orange (Eq. 23.49) using aniline as th...
- 18.104.22.168: What two compounds would react in a diazo coupling reaction to form...
- 22.214.171.124: (a) Using the curved-arrow notation, show how the nitrosyl cation, ...
Solutions for Chapter 23.1: NomeNclature of amiNes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)
A three-dimensional plot of y2 of a wavefunction. It is a region of space that can accommodate electron density.
A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)
A voltaic cell containing the same electrolyte and the same electrode materials in both the anode and cathode compartments. The emf of the cell is derived from a difference in the concentrations of the same electrolyte solutions in the compartments. (Section 20.6)
Solids in which the units that make up the three-dimensional network are joined by covalent bonds. (Section 12.1)
A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)
Light and other forms of radiant energy.
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
The combination of atomic orbitals of different types
nuclear disintegration series
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one; also called a radioactive series. (Section 21.2)
A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.
The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)
Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol
Shielding in NMR
Also called diamagnetic shielding; the term refers to the reduction in magnetic fi eld strength experienced by a nucleus underneath electron density induced to circulate when the molecule is placed in a strong magnetic fi eld.
A substitution reaction in which the solvent functions as the nucleophile.
sp3 Hybrid orbital
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.
A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.