- 220.127.116.11: Draw the structure of each of the following quaternary ammonium sal...
- 18.104.22.168: Explain why the quaternary ammonium salt A can be isolated in optic...
Solutions for Chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
A compound containing a !CHO group
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.
A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)
bonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
A region of a polymer inwhich the chains are linearly extended and closein proximity to one another, resulting in van der Waals forces that hold the chains close together.
A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.
The measure of disorder associated with a system.
Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).
A catalyst that is in a different phase from that of the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)
The polarization of the electron density of a covalent bond caused by the electronegativity of a nearby atom.
Materials that do not conduct electricity. (Section 12.7)
A type of isomerism involving keto (from ketone) and enol tautomers
A naturally occurring mixture of gaseous hydrocarbon compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon. (Section 5.8)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.
A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.