Solutions for Chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts

Solutions for Chapter 23.6
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Since 2 problems in chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts have been answered, more than 15638 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • band theory.

    Delocalized electrons move freely through “bands” formed by overlapping molecular orbitals. (21.3)

  • cellular respiration

    A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.

  • colloids (colloidal dispersions)

    Mixtures containing particles larger than normal solutes but small enough to remain suspended in the dispersing medium. (Section 13.6)

  • core electrons.

    All nonvalence electrons in an atom. (8.2)

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures.

    The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)

  • electron affinity

    The energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom or ion. (Section 7.5)

  • equilibrium-constant expression

    The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)

  • ionic bond

    A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.

  • molality

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)

  • molar mass

    The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)

  • petroleum

    A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)

  • positron emission

    A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)

  • precipitation reaction

    A reaction that occurs between substances in solution in which one of the products is insoluble. (Section 4.2)

  • pressure–volume (PV) work

    Work performed by expansion of a gas against a resisting pressure. (Section 5.3)

  • Pro-R-hydrogen

    Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration

  • spontaneous process

    A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)

  • staggered conformation

    A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.

  • Steroid

    A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.

  • thermoplastics

    Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.

  • Torsional strain

    Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.

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