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Solutions for Chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts

Solutions for Chapter 23.6
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Since 2 problems in chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts have been answered, more than 31627 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 23.6: Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aldehyde

    A compound containing a !CHO group

  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • alkyl group

    A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.

  • antioxidants

    Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.

  • atmosphere (atm)

    A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)

  • bonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • condensation polymerization

    Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)

  • constitutional isomers

    Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.

  • coordinate covalent bond.

    A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)

  • crystallite

    A region of a polymer inwhich the chains are linearly extended and closein proximity to one another, resulting in van der Waals forces that hold the chains close together.

  • Cyanohydrin

    A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.

  • entropy

    The measure of disorder associated with a system.

  • exothermic

    Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).

  • heterogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in a different phase from that of the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • Inductive effect

    The polarization of the electron density of a covalent bond caused by the electronegativity of a nearby atom.

  • insulators

    Materials that do not conduct electricity. (Section 12.7)

  • Keto-enol tautomerism

    A type of isomerism involving keto (from ketone) and enol tautomers

  • natural gas

    A naturally occurring mixture of gaseous hydrocarbon compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon. (Section 5.8)

  • periplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.

  • Wittig reaction

    A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.

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