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Solutions for Chapter 25.6: HYDrolYSIS oF pHoSpHATe eSTerS AND ANHYDrIDeS

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 25.6: HYDrolYSIS oF pHoSpHATe eSTerS AND ANHYDrIDeS

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 3 problems in chapter 25.6: HYDrolYSIS oF pHoSpHATe eSTerS AND ANHYDrIDeS have been answered, more than 36490 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 25.6: HYDrolYSIS oF pHoSpHATe eSTerS AND ANHYDrIDeS includes 3 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha (a) helix

    For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.

  • atomic mass unit (amu).

    A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)

  • Avogadro’s hypothesis

    A statement that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. (Section 10.3)

  • Avogadro’s law

    A statement that the volume of a gas maintained at constant temperature and pressure is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas. (Section 10.3)

  • b-Elimination

    A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons

  • calorimetry

    The experimental measurement of heat produced in chemical and physical processes. (Section 5.5)

  • chlorohydrin

    A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.

  • Clemmensen reduction

    A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.

  • core electrons

    The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)

  • denatured protein.

    Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • fats

    Triglycerides that are solids atroom temperature.

  • functional group

    A characteristic group of atoms/bonds that possess a predictable chemical behavior.

  • Gibbs free energy change (DG°)

    The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.

  • heterogeneous equilibrium

    The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)

  • Monosaccharide

    A carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydrate.

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • reducing agent, or reductant

    The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

  • Thermochemistry

    The study of the energy of chemical structures.

  • Ylide

    A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms

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