- 3.4.18: Give two names for each of the following alkyl halides and indicate...
- 3.4.19: Draw the structures and provide systematic names for parts a, b, an...
Solutions for Chapter 3.4: The Nomenclature of Alkyl Halides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
alpha (a) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH
An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
directed aldol addition
A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.
The capacity to do work or to transfer heat. (Section 5.1)
Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable
The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group
A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)
The number of molecules that participate as reactants in an elementary reaction. (Section 14.6)
Any reaction in which one nucleophile is substituted for another at a tetravalent carbon atom.
In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.
Light oscillating in only parallel planes.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)
The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)
Polymers that are formed under conditions in which the individual monomers react with each other to form oligomers, which are then joined together to form polymers.
An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.