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Solutions for Chapter 3.4: The Nomenclature of Alkyl Halides

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 3.4: The Nomenclature of Alkyl Halides

Solutions for Chapter 3.4
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 3.4: The Nomenclature of Alkyl Halides have been answered, more than 36010 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 3.4: The Nomenclature of Alkyl Halides includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha (a) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH

  • Carbanion

    An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.

  • chlor-alkali process.

    The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)

  • directed aldol addition

    A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.

  • energy

    The capacity to do work or to transfer heat. (Section 5.1)

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • Glycosidic bond

    The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group

  • Henry’s law

    A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)

  • hydrogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • ion-product constant

    For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)

  • mole fraction

    The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)

  • molecularity

    The number of molecules that participate as reactants in an elementary reaction. (Section 14.6)

  • Nucleophilic substitution

    Any reaction in which one nucleophile is substituted for another at a tetravalent carbon atom.

  • off-resonance decoupling

    In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.

  • Plane-polarized light

    Light oscillating in only parallel planes.

  • quintet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.

  • ribonucleic acid (RNA)

    A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)

  • spectrum

    The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)

  • step-growth polymers

    Polymers that are formed under conditions in which the individual monomers react with each other to form oligomers, which are then joined together to form polymers.

  • unsymmetrical ether

    An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.

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