- 3.9.30: What is the smallest alkane that is a liquid at room temperature (w...
- 3.9.31: a. Which of the following compounds will form hydrogen bonds betwee...
- 3.9.32: Explain why a. H 2 O (100 C) has a higher boiling point than CH 3 O...
- 3.9.33: List the following compounds from highest boiling to lowest boiling...
- 3.9.34: List the compounds in each set from highest boiling to lowest boili...
- 3.9.35: Rank the following compounds in each set from most soluble to least...
- 3.9.36: In which solvent would cyclohexane have the lowest solubility, 1-pe...
Solutions for Chapter 3.9: The Physical Properties of Alkanes, Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Ethers, and Amines
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 3.9: The Physical Properties of Alkanes, Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Ethers, and AminesGet Full Solutions
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)
The most efficient arrangements for packing atoms, molecules, or ions in a crystal. (11.4)
A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable
glass transition temperature (Tg)
The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.
A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.
Heat of reaction (DH0 )
The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic
The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)
high-resolution mass spectrometry
A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.
A cyclic amide.
A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio
A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.
pi (p) bond
A bond formed from adjacent, overlapping p orbitals.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
A compound that can be used to achieve the resolution of enantiomers.
The amount of time required for a compound to exit from a gas chromatograph.
A recording in an NMR spectrum of a nuclear magnetic resonance