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Solutions for Chapter 3.9: The Physical Properties of Alkanes, Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Ethers, and Amines

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 3.9: The Physical Properties of Alkanes, Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Ethers, and Amines

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Chapter 3.9: The Physical Properties of Alkanes, Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Ethers, and Amines includes 7 full step-by-step solutions. Since 7 problems in chapter 3.9: The Physical Properties of Alkanes, Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Ethers, and Amines have been answered, more than 41799 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alcohol

    An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)

  • amorphous solid.

    A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)

  • closest packing.

    The most efficient arrangements for packing atoms, molecules, or ions in a crystal. (11.4)

  • common-ion effect

    A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)

  • complex ion (complex)

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)

  • Disproportionation

    A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • glass transition temperature (Tg)

    The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.

  • Halohydrin

    A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.

  • Heat of reaction (DH0 )

    The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic

  • Henderson–Hasselbalch equation

    The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • Lactam

    A cyclic amide.

  • Nitrogen rule

    A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio

  • peptide

    A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.

  • pi (p) bond

    A bond formed from adjacent, overlapping p orbitals.

  • quintet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.

  • resolving agents

    A compound that can be used to achieve the resolution of enantiomers.

  • retention time

    The amount of time required for a compound to exit from a gas chromatograph.

  • Signal

    A recording in an NMR spectrum of a nuclear magnetic resonance