- 3.11.40: The bond angles in a regular polygon with n sides are equal to 180 ...
- 3.11.41: Verify the strain energy shown in Table 3.8 for cycloheptane.
- 3.11.42: The effectiveness of a barbiturate as a sedative is related to its ...
Solutions for Chapter 3.11: Some Cycloalkanes Have Angle Strain
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)
Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when an acid is deprotonated.
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.
The process of preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated one by adding solvent. (Section 4.5)
electrophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic proton is replaced by an electrophile and the aromatic moiety is preserved.
For a mixture containing two enantiomers, the difference between the percent concentration of the major enantiomer and the percent concentration of its mirror image.
glass transition temperature (Tg)
The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen. (Section 2.9)
The number of molecules that participate as reactants in an elementary reaction. (Section 14.6)
A C6H5 group.
An addition or substitution reaction in which one of two or more possible products is formed in preference to all others that might be formed.
representative (main-group) element
An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)
A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).
The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.
A conformation of cyclohexane that is lower in energy than a boat conformation but higher in energy than a chair conformation.