- 3.11.40: The bond angles in a regular polygon with n sides are equal to 180 ...
- 3.11.41: Verify the strain energy shown in Table 3.8 for cycloheptane.
- 3.11.42: The effectiveness of a barbiturate as a sedative is related to its ...
Solutions for Chapter 3.11: Some Cycloalkanes Have Angle Strain
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A type of rearrangement in which an atom or group of atoms with its bonding electrons moves from one atom to an adjacent electron-defi cient atom.
antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)
basic anhydride (basic oxide)
An oxide that forms a base when added to water; soluble metal oxides are basic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)
A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)
A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)
Compounds formed from just two elements. (2.7)
The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)
chemical shift (d)
In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).
The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)
A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.
limiting reactant (limiting reagent)
The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)
A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.
A measure of the energy absorbed from radiation by tissue or other biological material; 1 rad = transfer of 1 * 10-2 J of energy per kilogram of material. (Section 21.9)
radial probability function
The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)
The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.
A solution in which undissolved solute and dissolved solute are in equilibrium. (Section 13.2)
The manner in which a protein is coiled or stretched. (Section 24.7)
A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition; a homogeneous mixture. (Section 1.2)
The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.
Transfer RNA (tRNA
A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes