- 4.7.14: Assign relative priorities to the groups or atoms in each of the fo...
- 4.7.15: Do the following compounds have the R or the S configuration? a. Cl...
- 4.7.16: What is the configuration of each of the following compounds? a. CH...
- 4.7.17: Do the following structures represent identical compounds or a pair...
- 4.7.18: Draw a perspective formula for each of the following: a. ( S )-2-ch...
- 4.7.19: Convert each Fischer projection to a perspective formula. CH2CH3 CH...
Solutions for Chapter 4.7: Naming Enantiomers by the R,S System
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A list of metals in order of decreasing ease of oxidation. (Section 4.4)
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
A term used to classify benzene and its derivatives.
A compound containing a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals with 4n+2p electrons.
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
buffered solution (buffer)
A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)
A spectrum that contains radiation distributed over all wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
The spreading of a charge or lone pair as described by resonance theory.
electromotive force (emf)
A measure of the driving force, or electrical pressure, for the completion of an electrochemical reaction. Electromotive force is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called the cell potential. (Section 20.4)
A collection of orbitals that have the same value of n. For example, the orbitals with n = 3 (the 3s, 3p, and 3d orbitals) comprise the third shell. (Section 6.5)
A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.
Lanthanide and actinide elements in which the 4f or 5f orbitals are partially occupied. (Section 6.9)
The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)
Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.
nonpolar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally. (Section 8.4) normal boiling point The boiling point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.5)
The product formed when a nucleoside is coupled to a phosphate group
A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.
A molecule containing three amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond