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Solutions for Chapter 4.8: Chiral Compounds Are Optically Active

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 4.8: Chiral Compounds Are Optically Active

Solutions for Chapter 4.8
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Chapter 4.8: Chiral Compounds Are Optically Active includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Since 1 problems in chapter 4.8: Chiral Compounds Are Optically Active have been answered, more than 24286 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • accuracy.

    The closeness of a measurement to the true value of the quantity that is measured. (1.8)

  • adsorption

    The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)

  • alpha particles.

    See alpha rays.

  • amine

    A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)

  • amines.

    Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • calorimetry

    The experimental measurement of heat produced in chemical and physical processes. (Section 5.5)

  • condensation reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)

  • crystal field splitting (D).

    The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)

  • Friedel-Crafts reaction

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.

  • heat of combustion

    The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • Living polymer

    A polymer chain that continues to grow without chain-termination steps until either all of the monomer is consumed or some external agent is added to terminate the chain. The polymer chains will continue to grow if more monomer is added.

  • metathesis (exchange) reaction

    A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)

  • nuclear model

    Model of the atom with a nucleus containing protons and neutrons and with electrons in the space outside the nucleus. (Section 2.2)

  • Planck constant (h)

    The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • semiconductor

    A material that has electrical conductivity between that of a metal and that of an insulator. (Section 12.7)

  • sulfide

    A compound that is similar in structure to an ether, but the oxygen atom has been replaced with a sulfur atom. Also called a thioether.

  • Transition state

    The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.

  • Valence Bond Theory

    A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.

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